In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iranian Health Psychology

Document Type : research


1 PhD Student, department of Geography and Rural Planning, Science and research branch, Islamic Azad university ,Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, department of Geography and Rural Planning, Shahrrey branch. Islamic Azad university, Tehran, Iran

3 department of Political Geography, Islamic Azad university, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran


Objective: Addiction is a physical-mental illness that, due to its progressive nature in all aspects of life, endangers the health of the individual, family, and society. In order to prevent and resolve this destructive phenomenon, it is necessary to provide and implement comprehensive and appropriate programs in rural area. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to determine the predictors of substance abuse of rural immigrants.
Method: The statistical population included all addicted prisoners who migrated from rural to urban areas. Using the cluster sampling method, 360 people were selected as the study sample. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used to analyze data.
Result: The results showed that only the quality of life component can predict the drug abuse of migrant rural men and women, while the components of access to facilities, rural management performance, and individual participation, as well as marital status, age, and education cannot predict their substance abuse (P<0.05).
Conclusions: According to the results of the present study, since the quality of life is a predictor of substance abuse in migrant villagers, and this problem, in fact, indicates the basic infrastructural problems in preventing the migration of villagers and their substances abuse, related planning and policies in the field of social health are suggested in this regard.


Article Title [Persian]

نقش کیفیت زندگی در پیش بینی سوء مصرف مواد

Authors [Persian]

  • حمیدرضا علی اکبری دهکردی 1
  • علیرضا استعلاجی 2
  • عبدالرضا فرجی راد 3

1 PhD Student, department of Geography and Rural Planning, Science and research branch, Islamic Azad university ,Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, department of Geography and Rural Planning, Shahrrey branch. Islamic Azad university, Tehran, Iran

3 department of Political Geography, Islamic Azad university, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

Abstract [Persian]

هدف: اعتیاد یک بیماری جسمی – روانی به شمار می آید که به دلیل ماهیت پیشرونده اش در همه ابعاد زندگی سلامت فرد، خانواده و جامعه را به خطر می اندازد. جهت پیشگیری از این رویداد مخرب و حل آن می‌بایست؛ برنامه ‌های جامع و متناسب با محیط روستا تهیه و اجرا گردد.  لذا هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین پیش بین های ابتلا به سوء مصرف مواد روستائیان مهاجر بود.  
روش: جامعه آماری شامل کلیه زندانیان دارای اعتیاد که از روستاها به شهرها مهاجرت نموده اند که با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری خوشه ای 360 نفر به عنوان نمونه مورد پژوهش انتخاب شدند. در تحلیل آماری از آمار توصیفی و رگرسیون لوجستیک استفاده شد.
 یافته ها: نتایج نشان داد که فقط مولفه کیفیت زندگی می تواند سوء مصرف مواد زنان و مردان روستایی مهاجر را پیش بینی کند؛ در حالی که مولفه های دسترسی به منابع، عملکرد مدیریت روستا و مشارکت افراد؛  همچنین وضعیت تاهل، سن و تحصیلات نمی تواند سوء مصرف مواد مردان و زنان روستایی مهاجر را پیش بینی کند (05/0 p < ). 
 نتیجه گیری: با توجه به نتایج پژوهش حاضر از آنجایی که کیفیت زندگی پیش بین ابتلا به سوء مصرف مواد روستائیان مهاجر است و این مشکل در واقع گویای مشکلات اساسی زیربنایی در جلوگیری  از مهاجرت روستائیان و پیشگیری از بروز سوء مصرف مواد روستائیان مهاجر می باشد، بنابراین برنامه ریزی و سیاست گذاری های مرتبط در حوزه سلامت اجتماعی در این مورد پیشنهاد می شود.

Keywords [Persian]

  • سوء مصرف مواد
  • کیفیت زندگی
  • مهاجرت روستایی
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