In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iranian Health Psychology

Document Type : research


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran

2 Phd of Psychology Semnan University


Objective: One of the most important social factors that have been constantly identified as a predictor of healthy aging is marriage satisfaction. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of social support on marital satisfaction with mediating role of emotional loneliness and physical activity.
Method: This study was descriptive and correlational based on structural equations. The statistical population consisted of all the elderly in the care centers of Shahrekord and Farsan in 2019, among whom 180 individuals were randomly selected as participants. Then the subjects completed research instruments, including Relationship Assessment scale (Hendrick, 1998), Perceived Social Support Scale (Zimet, et al., 1988), Adult’s Social and Emotional Loneliness scale (DiTommasso, et al., 2004), and Leisure-time Activities Scale (Godin, 1985). Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used through SPSS (version 23) and AMOS (version 23) to analyze data.
Findings: The results demonstrated direct effect of social support, emotional loneliness and physical activity on marital satisfaction (p <0.001) and indirect effect of perceived social support on marital satisfaction through emotional loneliness and physical activity (p <.05).
Conclusion: The SEM results of the current study supported the proposed model explaining the interrelationships between perceived social support, loneliness, physical activity, and marital satisfaction. The findings of the present study suggest the authorities to pay more attention to the factors of social support, emotional loneliness and physical activity in order to improve the marital relationships of the elderly. The findings of this study can help psychologists and other caretakers create more effective family matter programs for the older generations to enhance their marital satisfaction.


Article Title [Persian]

بررسی نقش میانجی تنهایی عاطفی و فعالیت جسمانی در ارتباط با حمایت اجتماعی و رضایت زناشویی در سالمندان

Authors [Persian]

  • ذبیح الله کاوه فارسانی 1
  • مهدی امیدیان 2

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran

2 Phd of Psychology Semnan University

Abstract [Persian]

هدف: یکی از مهمترین متغیرهای اجتماعی که به عنوان پیش‌بینی کننده پیری سالم به طور مداوم شناحته شده است، ازدواج رضایت بخش است8. از این رو، هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی نقش میانجی تنهایی عاطفی و فعالیت جسمانی در ارتباط با حمایت اجتماعی و رضایت زناشویی بود.
روش: روش پژوهش، توصیفی از نوع همبستگی و معادلات ساختاری بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل کلیه سالمندان مراکز نگهداری روزانه شهرستان‌های شهرکرد و فارسان در سال 1398 بودند که از بین آنها 180 نفر از طریق نمونه‌گیری تصادفی انتخاب و به پرسشنامه‌های مقیاس ارزیابی رابطه (هندریک، 1998)، پرسشنامه حمایت اجتماعی ادراک شده (زمیت و همکاران، 1988)، مقیاس احساس تنهایی اجتماعی و عاطفی بزرگسالان (دیتوماسو و همکاران، 2004) و پرسشنامه تمرین در اوقات فراغت (گودین، 1985) پاسخ دادند. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از نرم افزار SPSS23 و AMOS23 و از روش تحلیل الگویابی معادلات ساختاری (SEM) استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج حاکی از اثر مستقیم حمایت اجتماعی، تنهایی عاطفی و فعالیت جسمانی بر رضایت-زناشویی (p < 0/001) و اثر غیرمستقیم حمایت اجتماعی ادارک شده از طریق تنهایی عاطفی و فعالیت جسمانی با رضایت زناشویی بود (p < 0/05).
نتیجه‌گیری: از یافته‌های پژوهش حاضر می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که برای افزایش و یا بهبود روابط‌زناشویی سالمندان توجه به متغیرهای حمایت اجتماعی، تنهایی عاطفی و فعالیت جسمانی در برنامه‌های آموزشی و درمانی مشاوران و روانشناسان توصیه می‌گردد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • پیری سالم
  • رضایت زناشویی
  • فعالیت جسمانی
  • تنهایی عاطفی
  • حمایت اجتماعی ادراک شده
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