In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iranian Health Psychology

Document Type : research


Psychology Department, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran.


Objective: The Coronavirus not only affects physical health but also the outbreak of this virus can have devastating psychological effects. To treat and diagnose, these impacts should be identified. This study investigatied the mediating role of empathy in the relationship between self-compassion and psychological capital with corona anxiety.
Method: The research method was correlational with path analysis. The population of this study included all undergraduate students of Poldokhtar Higher Education Center (450 students) who were studying in the academic year 2020-2021. The sample of the study consisted of 210 male students who answered the Corona Disease Anxiety Scale (CDAS; Alipour & et al., 2020), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS; Neff, 2003), Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ; Luthans et al., 2007), and Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI; Davis, 1983) electronically. Casual modeling was used to analyze data.
Results: The results showed that the proposed model has a good fit with the data of this study (RMSEA = 0.001, GFI = 1.00, AGFI = 0.98, CFI = 1.00). The results showed that the psychological capital had a direct effect on corona anxiety (β = -0.16, p<0.05), but self-compassion did not have a positive effect on corona anxiety (p>0.05). Self-compassion had a positive effect on empathy (β = 0.32, p<0/01); but psychological capital did not affect empathy (p>0/05) directly. Also, empathy positively affected corona anxiety (β = -0.29, p<0/01). Indirect pathway results showed that only self-compassion mediated by empathy could reduce corona anxiety (p<0/01).
Conclusions: According to the results, students with higher psychological capital and empathy experience less corona anxiety, and on the other hand, the more self-compassion increases, the more empathy improves, which results in a decrease in corona anxiety. Therefore, through education and promotion of self-compassion, empathy can be increased and the severity of corona anxiety in students can be reduced.


Article Title [Persian]

رابطه علّی شفقت به خود و سرمایه روان‌شناختی با اضطراب کرونا: نقش واسطه‌ای همدلی

Author [Persian]

  • هوشنگ گراوند

گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد، ایران.

Abstract [Persian]

مقدمه: ویروس کرونا نه تنها سلامت جسمی را تحت تاثیر قرار می دهد، بلکه شیوع این ویروس می تواند اثرات روانی مخربی نیز داشته باشد. برای درمان و تشخیص، این اثرات باید شناسایی شوند. این پژوهش با هدف بررسی نقش میانجی همدلی در رابطه بین شفقت‌به‌خود و سرمایه روانشناختی با اضطراب کرونا انجام شد. روش: روش پژوهش، همبستگی از نوع تحلیل مسیر بود. جامعه‌ی این پژوهش شامل تمامی دانشجویان مقطع کارشناسی مرکز آموزش عالی پلدختر در سال تحصیلی 400-1399 بود. 210 دانشجو به صورت آنلاین در این مطالعه شرکت کردند و به مقیاس اضطراب بیماری کرونا ویروس، شاخص واکنش‌پذیری بین‌فردی، پرسش‌نامه سرمایه روان‌شناختی و مقیاس شفقت‌به‌خود پاسخ دادند. تحلیل داده‌ها به روش آماری تحلیل مسیر و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS-22 و AMOS-24 انجام شد. نتایج: نتایج نشان داد سرمایه روان‌شناختی دارای اثر مستقیم بر اضطراب کرونا بود (01/0>p)؛ اما شفقت‌به‌خود بر اضطراب کرونا اثر مستقیم نداشت (05/0<p). شفقت‌به‌خود دارای اثر مستقیم بر همدلی بود (01/0>p)؛ اما سرمایه روان‌شناختی بر همدلی اثر مستقیم نداشتند. نتایج غیرمستقیم مسیرها نشان داد که فقط شفقت‌به‌خود با میانجی‌گری همدلی می‌تواند از میزان اضطراب کرونا بکاهد. نتیجه گیری: با توجه به نتایج بدست آمده، دانشجویانی که سرمایه روان‌شناختی و همدلی بالاتری دارند، اضطراب کرونا را با شدت کمتری تجربه می‌کنند و از دیگر سو، هر چه خودشفقتی افزایش یابد، همدلی نیز ارتقاء می‌یابد که نتیجه آن کاهش اضطراب کرونا می‌باشد. لذا می‌توان از طریق آموزش و ارتقاء شفقت‌به‌خود، همدلی را افزایش داده و از شدت اضطراب کرونا در دانشجویان کاست.

Keywords [Persian]

  • شفقت‌به‌خود
  • سرمایه روان‌شناختی
  • همدلی
  • اضطراب کرونا
  • سلامت
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