In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iranian Health Psychology

Document Type : research


1 PhD Candidate in Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Humanity Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran


Objective: Bodybuilding has attracted a lot of people in recent years, but despite the popularity of using unauthorized and steroid drugs, it has caused many problems for athletes. The purpose of the present study was therefore to compare mental toughness and sense of coherence in natural and steroid bodybuilders.
Method: This study was a descriptive and causal-comparative study. The statistical population consisted of both natural and steroid bodybuilders in Rasht in 2019 from whom 120 individuals (60 natural bodybuilders and 60 steroid bodybuilders) were selected purposefully who answered the questionnaires of Sheard, Golby & Van Wersch’s (2009) Sports Mental Toughness and Antonovsky’s (1993) Sense of Coherence.  Data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance by SPSS 24 software.
Results: The findings of this study showed that there was a significant difference between the components of mental toughness and sense of coherence in the two groups (P<0.01). Natural bodybuilders had higher levels of Confidence (24.93, P<0.001), Constancy (15.60, P<0.006), Control (14.43, P<0.001), and sense of coherence (21.88, P<0.001) compared to steroid bodybuilders.
Discussion: The results obtained from this research show that the abuse of steroid drugs has a significant impact on the psychological and physical aspects of bodybuilders. For this purpose, it is necessary to prevent possible injuries by providing proper information and providing psychological services to professional athletes.


Article Title [Persian]

مقایسه استحکام روانی و حس انسجام در بدنسازان طبیعی و استروئیدی

Authors [Persian]

  • فرزین باقری شیخانگفشه 1
  • عباس ابوالقاسمی 2
  • سید موسی کافی ماسوله 2

1 دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 استاد، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

Abstract [Persian]

مقدمه و هدف: بدنسازی در سال‌های اخیر افراد زیادی را به سمت خود کشانده است، اما علی‌رغم این محبوبیت استفاده از داروهای غیرمجاز و استروئیدی، مشکلات زیادی را برای ورزشکاران به همراه داشته است. بنابراین هدف از پژوهش حاضر مقایسة استحکام روانی و حس انسجام در بدنسازان طبیعی و استروئیدی بود.
روش شناسی: پژوهش حاضر توصیفی و از نوع مطالعات علی- مقایسه‌ای بود. جامعة آماری شامل تمامی بدنسازان طبیعی و استروئیدی شهر رشت در سال 1397 بود که از میان 120نفر (60 بدنساز طبیعی و 60 بدنساز استروئیدی) به صورت هدفمند انتخاب شدند و به پرسشنامه‌های استحکام روانی ورزشی شرد و همکاران (2009) و حس انسجام آنتونووسکی (1993) پاسخ دادند. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل واریانس چند متغیری و از طریق نرم‌افزار SPSS نسخة 24 تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: یافته‌های پژوهش حاضر نشان داد که بین مؤلفه‌های استحکام روانی و حس انسجام در دو گروه تفاوت معنی‌داری وجود دارد (01/0p<). بدنسازان طبیعی در مقایسه با بدنسازان استروئیدی، از میزان اطمینان (001/0p< ؛ 93/24)، پایداری (006/0p< ؛ 60/15)، کنترل (001/0p< ؛ 43/14) و حس انسجام (001/0p< ؛ 88/21) بیشتری برخوردار بودند.
نتیجه گیری: نتایج به‌دست آمده از این پژوهش مبین این است که سوء مصرف داروهای استروئیدی تأثیر بسزایی بر روی ابعاد روانشناختی و جسمانی بدنسازان به جای می‌گذارد. بدین منظور، لازم است با اطلاع رسانی درست و ارائه خدمات روانشناختی به ورزشکاران حرفه ای از وقوع آسیب های احتمالی جلوگیری کرد

Keywords [Persian]

  • استحکام روانی
  • بدنسازان استروئیدی
  • تصویر بدن
  • حس انسجام
  • بدنسازان طبیعی
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