In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iranian Health Psychology

Document Type : research


1 department of clinical psychology, faculty of psychology and educational science , Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Echocardiography, Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Objective: Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is a pathological process in the coronary arteries that deserves special attention. This cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to predict the emotion regulation strategies, i.e., cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, adopted by patients with Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) using reinforcement sensitivity components, namely Behavioral Approach System (BAS), Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS), fight, flight, and freeze. Methods: To this end, 322 patients with CHD were recruited from three medical centers in Tehran, Iran. Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and Jackson-5 scales of revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory were administered to the patients, and the data were analyzed by regression analysis. Results: The results revealed that BAS significantly predicted cognitive reappraisal strategy and also made the strongest contribution to the explanation of expressive suppression strategy; furthermore, flight and freeze were both equally the second most significant predictors of expressive suppression. Conclusion: Therefore, the interaction between emotion regulation and reinforcement sensitivity components should be considered in patients with CHD.


Article Title [Persian]

پیش بینی راهکارهای تنظیم هیجانی با حساسیت به پاداش در بیماران قلبی عروقی

Authors [Persian]

  • مریم بزرگ منش 1
  • محمد حاتمی 2
  • جعفر حسنی 2

1 گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی ، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه خوارزمی

Abstract [Persian]

هدف: این مطالعه توصیفی مقطعی با هدف پیش بینی راهکارهای تنظیم هیجان یعنی ارزیابی مجدد شناختی و سرکوب هیجانی که توسط بیماران مبتلا به بیماری عروق کرونری اتخاذ شده است با استفاده از مولفه های حساسیت به پاداش یعنی سیستم فعالساز رفتاری، سیستم بازداری رفتاری و سیستم جنگ-گریز-انجماد انجام شد. روش ها: بدین منظور ، 322 بیمار مبتلا به بیماری عروق کرونری از سه مرکز درمانی در تهران انتخاب شدند. پرسشنامه تجدید نظر شده حساسیت به پاداش جکسون توسط بیماران تکمیل شد و داده ها با تحلیل رگرسیون تجزیه و تحلیل شد. نتایج: نتایج نشان داد که سیستم فعالساز رفتاری به طور قابل توجهی راهکار ارزیابی مجدد شناختی را پیش بینی کرده و همچنین قوی ترین سهم را در توضیح راهکار سرکوب هیجانی داشته است. علاوه بر این، گریز و انجماد هر دو به طور مساوی دومین پیش بینی کننده مهم سرکوب هیجانی بودند. نتیجه گیری: بنابراین، تعامل میان تنظیم هیجان و مولفه های حساسیت به پاداش باید در بیماران مبتلا به بیماری عروق کرونری در نظر گرفته شود.

Keywords [Persian]

  • بیماری عروق کرونری
  • تنظیم هیجان
  • حساسیت به پاداش
  • بیماران
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