In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iranian Health Psychology

Document Type : research


1 Ph.D. student of general psychology, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, Ilam branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran

3 Department of Humanities, Faculty Of Psychology, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran


Objective: This study aimed to model quality of life based on perceived stress and distress tolerance of the elderly in Ilam with the mediating role of hardiness. This applicable study was conducted through descriptive-structural equation modeling.
Method: The statistical population was elderly people of Ilam city (N=9496) during 2020. The sample size was calculated at 384 cases using Power-G software (2007). The sample was selected by aim-oriented sampling method based on inclusion criteria in public places of Ilam city. Participants completed the standard questionnaires of the quality of life World Health Organization (1996), Cohen Perceived Stress (1994), Distress Tolerance Scale of Simmons and Gohar (2005), and the Kobasa hardiness Questionnaire (1982). Data was analyzed in SPSS25 and Amos -25 software.
Results: The results showed that there is a significant relationship between perceived stress, distress tolerance, and hardiness with the quality of life of the elderly in Ilam city. Similarly, there is a significant relationship between perceived stress and distress tolerance with Hardiness.
Conclusion: The results of the structural equation model showed hardiness has a mediating role in the relationship between quality of life with distress tolerance and perceived stress. They have a total, direct, and indirect effect on variables.


Article Title [Persian]

مدل‌سازی کیفیت زندگی بر اساس ادراک استرس و تحمل پریشانی سالمندان شهر ایلام: نقش واسطه‌ای سرسختی

Authors [Persian]

  • امیر عبدالحسینی 1
  • شهرام مامی 2
  • وحید احمدی 3

1 Ph.D. student of general psychology, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, Ilam branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran

3 Department of Humanities, Faculty Of Psychology, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran

Abstract [Persian]

هدف: این پژوهش با هدف مدل‌سازی کیفیت زندگی بر اساس ادراک استرس و تحمل پریشانی سالمندان شهر ایلام: نقش واسطه‌ای سرسختی انجام شد. این مطالعه کاربردی با استفاده از مدل‌سازی معادلات توصیفی- ساختاری انجام شده است. روش: جامعه آماری سالمندان شهر ایلام (9496=N) در سال 1399 بودند که حجم نمونه با استفاده از نرم افزار Power-G (2007) 384 محاسبه شد. نمونه به روش نمونه گیری هدف مدار بر اساس معیارهای ورود در اماکن عمومی شهر ایلام انتخاب شد. شرکت کنندگان پرسشنامه های استاندارد کیفیت زندگی سازمان بهداشت جهانی (1996)، استرس ادراک شده کوهن (1994)، مقیاس تحمل پریشانی سیمونز و گوهر (2005)، و پرسشنامه سرسختی کوباسا (1982) را تکمیل کردند. داده ها در نرم افزارهای SPSS25 و Amos -25 تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته ها: نتایج نشان داد که بین استرس ادراک شده، تحمل پریشانی و سرسختی با کیفیت زندگی سالمندان شهر ایلام رابطه معناداری وجود دارد. به طور مشابه، بین استرس ادراک شده و تحمل پریشانی با سرسختی رابطه معناداری وجود دارد.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج مدل معادلات ساختاری نشان داد سرسختی نقش واسطه‌ای در رابطه بین کیفیت زندگی با تحمل پریشانی و استرس ادراک شده دارد. آنها تأثیر کلی، مستقیم و غیر مستقیم بر متغیرها دارند

Keywords [Persian]

  • : استرس ادراک‌شده
  • تحمل پریشانی
  • سرسختی
  • کیفیت زندگی
  • سالمندان
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