In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iranian Health Psychology

Document Type : research


1 PhD Student of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen Branch,Roudehen, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Roudehen University, Roudehen, Iran


Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effect of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) of anxiety, depression, and distress in people with an anxiety disorder.
Method: The present study was applied and quasi-experimental in terms of the method (consisting of pre-test, post-test, and control group). The population of this study consisted of people with anxiety disorder referred to Loghman Hospital in Tehran in the age of 2019. Twenty people who were selected as participants based on the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into two groups (i.e.,REBT and control groups) equally (10 people in each group). Experimental pretest and posttest were performed using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), and the participants in the experimental group underwent the experiment for three months (a two-hour session per week).
Results: The results were analyzed using analysis of covariance. The results showed that REBT intervention was significantly effective (P=0.05) in reducing patients' distress, depression, and anxiety.
Conclusions: Thus, REBT can reduce patients’ psychological problems by helping them recognize their irrational beliefs better and reduce their anxiety (self-blame) and hostility (blaming others and the universe).


Article Title [Persian]

بررسی تاثیر رفتار درمانی عقلانی هیجانی بر کاهش اضطراب، افسردگی و پریشانی افراد مبتلا به اختلال اضطرابی درعصر کرونا

Authors [Persian]

  • کینوش کاشف کیوان 1
  • شهرام وزیری 2

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی بالینی ، دانشکده روانشناسی وعلوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی رودهن، ، رودهن. ایران.

2 ستادیار گروه روان شناسی، دانشکده روانشناسی وعلوم اجتماعی واحد رودهن، دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی، رودهن. ایران

Abstract [Persian]

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تاثیر رفتار درمانی عقلانی هیجانی بر کاهش اضطراب، افسردگی و پریشانی افراد مبتلا به اختلال اضطرابی صورت گرفت. این پژوهش کاربردی و از نوع نیمه آزمایشی (به صورت پیش آزمون - پس آزمون با گروه کنترل) بود. جامعه پژوهش حاضر افراد با تشخیص اختلال اضطراب مراجعه کننده به بیمارستان لقمان شهر تهران بود. پس از انتخاب آزمودنی ها با رعایت ملاکهای ورود ، 20 نفر انتخاب شده، به طور تصادفی در دو گروه (رفتار درمانی عقلانی هیجانی و گروه کنترل) به طور مساوی (هرگروه 10 نفر) قرار گرفتند. برای اجرای این پژوهش، طرح آزمایشی پیش آزمون- پس آزمون با استفاده از مقیاس افسردگی اضطراب استرس (DASS )اجرا شد و گروه آزمایش تحت سه ماه(هر هفته یک جلسه دو ساعته) بود. نتایج با روش تحلیل کوواریانس تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد مداخله رفتاردرمانی عقلانی هیجانی به طور معناداری در کاهش پریشانی، افسردگی و اضطراب بیماران مؤثر واقع شد. بنابراین رفتاردرمانی عقلانی هیجانی با کمک به مراجع در جهت بازشناسی وسیع تر باورهای غیر منطقی خود و کاستن از اضطراب(سرزنش خود) و خصومت(سرزنش کردن دیگران و جهان) باعث کاهش مشکلات روانشناختی آنان می شود.

Keywords [Persian]

  • " درمان عقلانی هیجانی رفتاری (REBT)"
  • "پریشانی"
  • "افسردگی "
  • "اضطراب"
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