In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iranian Health Psychology

Document Type : research


University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran


Objective: According to the importance of health precautions and preventive behaviors against COVID-19, the present study aimed to compare health-related behaviors in individuals with and without COVID-19.
Methods: This study was causal-comparative and descriptive. The sample of the study was 30 persons with a history of COVID-19 infection and 61 normal individuals who were selected from men and women in Rasht through convenience sampling in 2021. To collect data, the Clark et al.’s Compliance Behaviors Against COVID-19 Questionnaire (2020) was used.
Results: The results of multivariate analysis of variance showed that there were differences in health-related behaviors among individuals with and without COVID-19. In other words, the mean score of Perceived Invulnerability was higher in individuals with COVID-19 and Health Precautions and Health Importance in them were less than normal individuals.
Conclusions: These findings indicate that there are gaps in health behaviors related to the COVID-19 area and awareness in this area can have a positive effect on the quality of health-related behaviors.


Article Title [Persian]

مقایسه رفتارهای مربوط به سلامت در افراد با و بدون کووید- 19

Authors [Persian]

  • زینب شریفی پور چوکامی
  • عارفه حمیده مقدم
  • عباس ابوالقاسمی

دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

Abstract [Persian]

هدف: با توجه به اهمیت رفتارهای احتیاطی مرتبط با سلامت و پیشگیرانه در برابر کووید 19، پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه رفتارهای مربوط به سلامت در افراد با و بدون کووید 19 انجام شد. روش ها: این پژوهش توصیفی، از نوع علی مقایسه ای بود. نمونه پژوهش شامل 30 فرد با سابقه ابتلا به کووید 19 و 61 فرد بدون این تجربه بود که به‌ صورت در دسترس از میان زنان و مردان شهر رشت در سال 1399 انتخاب گردید. برای جمع آوری داده ها پرسشنامه رفتارهای انطباقی در برابر کووید 19 کلارک و همکاران (2020) استفاده شد. یافته ها: نتایج تحلیل واریانس چند متغیری نشان داد که در رفتارهای مربوط به سلامت در میان افراد با و بدون کووید 19 تفاوت وجود دارد. به عبارت دیگر، میانگین نمرات آسیب ناپذیری ادراک شده در افراد مبتلا به کووید 19 بیشتر است و اقدامات پیشگیرانه و اهمیت سلامتی در آن ها کمتر از افراد عادی است. نتیجه گیری: این یافته ها نشان می دهند که در مورد رفتارهای سلامت مربوط به کووید 19 خلاء هایی وجود دارد که آگاه سازی در این زمینه می تواند در کیفیت رفتارهای مربوط به سلامت تاثیر مطلوبی داشته باشد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • رفتارهای سلامت
  • رفتارهای انطباقی
  • کووید-19
  • مقابله
  • همه گیری
‌Afrooz, GH. (2021). Letters to the Editor. Quarterly Journal of Health Psychology, 9(4). DOI: 10.30473/hpj.2021.7574
 Alizadehfard, S., & Alipor, A. (2021). Evaluation of Compliance with Preventive Behaviors of Corona Disease Based on Health Belief Model. Iranian Journal of Health Psychology, 4(2), 19-28.
Carmody, J. K., Plevinsky, J., Peugh, J. L., Denson, L. A.,Hyams, J. S., Lobato, D., & , ... Hommel, K. A. (2019). Longitudinal non-adherence predicts treatment escalation in pediatric ulcerative colitis. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 50, 911–918.
Carter, Ch., & Notter, J (2020). COVID-19 disease: a critical care perspective. Clinics in Integrated Care, (1), 100003.
Clark, C., Davila, A., Regis, M., & Kraus, S. (2020). Predictors of COVID-19 voluntary compliance behaviors: An international investigation. Global Transitions, 2, 76–82.
Guan, W; Ni, Z., Hu, Y., Liang, W., Ou, C., He, J & et al (2020). Clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in China. New England Journal of Medicine, 382(18), 1708-1720.
Janz, N. K., & Becker, M. H. (1984). The Health Belief Model: a decade later. Health education quarterly, 11(1), 1–47.
Jones, C. L., Jensen, J. D., Scherr, C. L., Brown, N. R., Christy, K., & Weaver, J. (2015). The Health Belief Model as an explanatory framework in communication research: exploring parallel, serial, and moderated mediation. Health communication, 30(6), 566–576.
Lau, J. T., Yang, X., Tsui, H. Y., & Kim, J. H. (2005). Impacts of SARS on health-seeking behaviors in general population in Hong Kong. Preventive medicine, 41(2), 454–462.
Lau, J. T., Yang, X., Tsui, H., & Kim, J. H. (2003). Monitoring community responses to the SARS epidemic in Hong Kong: from day 10 to day 62. Journal of epidemiology and community health, 57(11), 864–870.
Leonard, B.E. (2001). The immune system, depression and the action of antidepressants.Progr. Neuro-Psychopharmacol. Biol. Psychiatry, 25, 767–780.
Li, W., Yang, Y., Liu, Z. H., Zhao, Y. J., Zhang, Q., Zhang, L., Cheung, T., & Xiang, Y. T. (2020). Progression of Mental Health Services during the COVID-19 Outbreak in China. International journal of biological sciences, 16(10), 1732–1738.
Lin, C. Y.(2020). Social reaction toward the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Soc Health Behav,3(1),1-2.
Ma, Y. F., Li , W., Deng, H. B., Wang, L., Wang, Y., Wang, P. H & et al (2020). Prevalence of depression and its association with quality of life in clinically stable patients with COVID-19. Journal of Affective Disorders, 275, 145-148.
Martin, L. R., Williams, S. L., Haskard, K. B., & Dimatteo, M. R. (2005). The challenge of patient adherence. Therapeutics and clinical risk management, 1(3), 189–199.
Martin, L. R., Williams, S. L., Haskard, K. B., & Dimatteo, M. R. (2005). The challenge of patient adherence. Therapeutics and clinical risk management, 1(3), 189–199.
Mazza, M. G., Lorenzo, R., Conte, C., Poletti, S., Vai, B., Bollettini, I & et al (2020). Anxiety and depression in COVID-19 survivors: Role of inflammatory and clinical predictors. Brain Behav Immun, 1591(20)31606-8.
McGrady, M. E., & Hommel, K. A. (2013). Medication adherence and health care utilization in pediatric chronic illness: A systematic review. Pediatrics, 132, 730–740.
Meng, H., Liao, Q., Suen, L. K., O'Donoghue, M., Wong, C. M., & Yang, L. (2016). Healthcare seeking behavior of patients with influenza like illness: comparison of the summer and winter influenza epidemics. BMC infectious diseases, 16, 499.
Naghizadeh, S., Ebrahimpour maleki ,M., & Patras G, Jafari M. (2019).Comparison of Health Promoting Lifestyle and Self-Efficacy in Female Students with and Without Primary Dysmenorrhea . Iran J Health Educ Health Promot, 7(3),285-294.
Rosenstock, I. M. (1974). Historical Origins of the Health Belief Model. Health Education Monographs, 2(4), 328–335.
Sahoo, S., Mehra, A., Suri, V., Malhotra, P., Yaddanapudi, L., Dutt Puri, G. & Grover, S. (2020). Lived experiences of the corona survivors (patients admitted in COVID wards): A narrative real-life documented summaries of internalized guilt, shame, stigma, anger. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 53, 102187.
Tian, S., Li, D., Lou., J & et al. (2020). Health-seeking behavior of patients with COVID-19 infection, Research Square, 1-15. Available from: (accessed on 15 April 2020)
van der Weerd, W., Timmermans, D. R., Beaujean, D. J., Oudhoff, J., & van Steenbergen, J. E. (2011). Monitoring the level of government trust, risk perception and intention of the general public to adopt protective measures during the influenza A (H1N1) pandemic in The Netherlands. BMC public health, 11, 575.
Witte, K., & Allen, M. (2000). A Meta-Analysis of Fear Appeals: Implications for Effective Public Health Campaigns. Health Education & Behavior, 27(5), 591–615.
Wu, K. K., Chan, S. K., & Ma, T. M. (2005). Posttraumatic stress, anxiety, and depression in survivors of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Journal of traumatic stress, 18(1), 39–42.
Yang, J., Gong, H., Chen, X., Chen, Z., Deng, X., Qian, M., Hou, Z., Ajelli, M., Viboud, C., & Yu, H. (2020). Health seeking behaviors of patients with acute respiratory infections during the outbreak of novel coronavirus disease 2019 in Wuhan, China. medRxiv: the preprint server for health sciences.