In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iranian Health Psychology

Document Type : research


1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Iran

2 Department of Educational Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Iran.


Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of group therapy of cognitive-behavioral approach on anxiety, stress, and despair of patients with Multiple sclerosis in Tehran.
Method: This study was quasi-experimental with a pre-test-post-test design and a control group. Twenty patients who were referred to the available medical centers were selected as the study samples and randomly assigned into two experimental and control groups. In this study, Kalmogorov-Smirnov, Levene, and Covariance tests were used to analyze data through IBM SPSS software.Beck Anxiety Inventory Questionnaire, Cohen's Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ), and Beck's Hopelessness Scale questionnaire were used to collect data.
Results: The results of the present study showed that there is a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in terms of anxiety, stress, and despair with a 95% confidence level. Therefore, three main hypotheses were confirmed and the null hypothesis was rejected. It was found that cognitive-behavior group therapy was effective in reducing anxiety, stress, and despair in patients with MS.
Conclusion: Cognitive-behavioral group therapy reduced stress, anxiety, and despair in patients with MS and improved their mental health. Therefore, this treatment method can be useful in clinics.


Article Title [Persian]

اثربخشی درمان گروهی به شیوه شناختی-رفتاری بر اضطراب، استرس و ناامیدی در بیمارانMS شهر تهران

Authors [Persian]

  • مهسا غفار زاده 1
  • علی نقی اقدسی 2

2 Department of Educational Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Iran.

Abstract [Persian]

زمینه و هدف: هدف از این مطالعه تعیین اثربخشی گروه درمانی با رویکرد شناختی-رفتاری بر اضطراب استرس و ناامیدی در بیماران مبتلا به MS در شهر تهران بود.
روش مطالعه: این مطالعه از نوع نیمه آزمایشی با طرح پیش آزمون- پس آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. 20 بیمار مراجعه کننده به مراکز درمانی موجود به عنوان نمونه مورد مطالعه انتخاب و به طور تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل قرار گرفتند. در این مطالعه از آزمونهای کالموگروف-اسمیرنف، لون و کواریانس برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها از طریق نرم افزار IBM SPSS استفاده شد. برای گردآوری داده ها از پرسشنامه اضطراب بک ، پرسشنامه استرس درک شده کوهن (PSQ) و پرسشنامه مقیاس ناامیدی بک استفاده شد.
نتایج: یافته های مطالعه حاضر نشان داد که بین گروه های آزمایش و کنترل از نظر اضطراب ، استرس و ناامیدی با سطح اطمینان 95 درصد تفاوت معنی داری وجود دارد. بنابراین ، سه فرضیه اصلی تأیید شد و فرضیه صفر رد شد. مشخص شد که درمان گروهی شناختی-رفتاری در کاهش اضطراب ، استرس و ناامیدی در بیماران مبتلا به MS موثر است.
نتیجه گیری: گروه درمانی شناختی-رفتاری باعث کاهش استرس ، اضطراب و ناامیدی در بیماران مبتلا به MS و بهبود سلامت روانی آنها شد. بنابراین ، این روش درمانی می تواند در کلینیک ها مفید باشد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • درمان شناختی-رفتاری
  • اضطراب
  • سلامت
  • ناامیدی
  • MS
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