In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iranian Health Psychology

Document Type : research


1 Department of psychology, Saveh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saveh, Iran

2 MS Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Objective: The purpose of this study is to create a conceptual empirical model and develop a causal model that is able to explain overall performance of MS patients’ families and provide a scientific and empirical basis to Iranian culture to identify the psychological indexes of hardiness, hope, and resiliency, as well as the mediator role of moral
foundations and spiritual experiences involved in family overall performances among patients’ spouses.
For this purpose, using non-random sampling method, 220 subjects were selected out of all patients with MS and their spouses in two cities of Tehran and Karaj in 2014-2015. They completed the questionnaires of Family Assessment Device, Hardiness Scale (Kobasa, 1990), Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Snyder Hope Scale, Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale, and Moral Foundations Questionnaire (Hythe & Graham, 2007) personally and non- personally. In order to analyze the data, common methods of descriptive statistics, structural equations, path analysis, and multiple regression were used and the data were analyzed using the software packages of SPSS and LISREL. The results showed that hope was determined as the variable that predicts family overall performance with a good effect coefficient. The other important finding about the model was that the path from the mediator variable of spiritual experiences towards family overall performance was not direct, that is spiritual experience was effective on moral
foundations and moral foundations in turn was the most effective path to family overall performance.


Article Title [Persian]

پیش بینی عملکرد خانواده بیماران MS (با تاکید بر همسران) و عوامل روانشناختی (سخترویی، تابآوری، امید) باتوجه به نقش میانجی بنیانهای اخلاقی و تجارب معنوی

Authors [Persian]

  • هومن نامور 1
  • محمدعلی صحرائیان 2

1 دانشگاه آزاد ساوه

Abstract [Persian]

هدف از انجام این پژوهش ایجاد مدلی مفهومی تجربی و تدوین یک مدلی علّی است که بتواند کارکرد کلی خانواده را در بیماران مبتلا به MS تبیین کند و از سوی دیگر، مبنای علمی و تجربی برای شناسایی عامل روانشناختی (سخترویی، امید، تابآوری) و نقش واسطهای بنیانهای اخلاقی و تجارب معنوی درگیر با کارکرد کلی خانواده با تاکید بر همسران بیماران را در فرهنگ ایرانی فراهم ‌آورد..
بدین منظور از بین کلیه بیماران مبتلا به MS و همسران آنها در دو شهر تهران و کرج در سال 93-94 و با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری غیراحتمالی، 220 نفر انتخاب شدند و اقدام به تکمیل پرسشنامههای مقیاس سنجش خانواده((FAD، مقیاس سخت‌رویی روانشناختی(کوباسا،1990)، مقیاس تابآوری کونور و دیویدسون (CD–RISC) ، امید اسنایدر(2003) ، مقیاس تجاربمعنویروزانه (DSES)، پرسشنامه بنیانهایاخلاقی(هایت و گراهام،2007) به صورت حضوری و غیرحضوری نمودند. برای تجزیه و تحلیل دادهها، از روشهای متداول در آمار توصیفی، معادلات ساختاری، تحلیل مسیر و رگرسیون چندگانه استفاده گردید و  دادهها با استفاده از بستههای نرمافزاریSPSS و  LISREL تحلیل شد. در نهایت متغیری که با ضریب تاثیر خوبی کارکرد کلی خانواده مدل را پیشبینی میکرد متغیر امید بود و تغییر مهم دیگری که در شکل مدل اتفاق افتاد این بود که مسیر متغیر میانجی تجاربمعنوی به سمت کارکرد کلی خانواده مستقیم نبود یعنی تجاربمعنوی موثر بر بنیانهایاخلاقی بود و بنیانهایاخلاقی در کارکرد کلی خانواده موثرترین مسیر بود.

Keywords [Persian]

  • متغیرهای روانشناختی(سخترویی
  • امید
  • تابآوری)
  • کارکرد کلی خانواده
  • همسر بیماران مبتلا به MS
  • تجارب معنوی
  • بنیانهای اخلاقی
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