In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iranian Health Psychology

Document Type : research


1 Department of Psychology, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.

2 Department of Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.


The present study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive therapy on emotional distress and stress coping strategies in patients with Multiple Sclerosis. The design of study was semi-experimental with pre and post-test, with a control group. The participants were 30 patients with Multiple Sclerosis living in Tehran who were randomly assigned in the experimental and control groups. The data was gathered by Stress Coping Strategies Questionnaire, and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale. The experimental group participated in 12 sessions of cognitive therapy, while the control group received no help. Results of Multivariate Covariance Analysis confirmed the effectiveness of cognitive therapy on improvement of anxiety, depression, and stress coping strategies in patients suffering MS (P


Article Title [Persian]

اثربخشی درمان شناختی بر آشفتگی هیجانی و راهبردهای مقابله با استرس در بیماران مبتلا به مولتیپل اسکلروزیس

Authors [Persian]

  • عباس ابوالقاسمی 1
  • نیلوفر میکائیلی 2
  • بهنام خشنودنیا 2
  • سیده هایده کریمی یوسفی 1

1 دانشگاه رشت

2 دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

Abstract [Persian]

هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثربخشی درمان شناختی بر آشفتگی هیجانی و راهبردهای مقابله با استرس در بیماران مبتلا به مولتیپل اسکلروزیس بود. طرح پژوهش شبه آزمایشی و از نوع پیش آزمون پس آزمون با گروه کنترل است. شرکت کندگان در تحقیق 30 بیمار مبتلا به مولتیپل اسکلروزیس شهر تهران بود که به دو گروه آزمایشی و گواه گمارده شدند. جهت جمعآوری دادهها از پرسشنامه شیوه‌های مقابله با استرس و مقیاس افسردگی، اضطراب، استرس (DASS) استفاده شد. برای گروه آزمایش، درمان شناختی طی 12 جلسهی 90 دقیقهای برگزار شد، در حالی که گروه گواه هیچ گونه مداخلهای را دریافت نکرد. نتایج تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیری نشان داد درمان شناختی میتواند موجب بهبود اضطراب، افسردگی و سبک مقابلهای مسألهمدار بیماران مبتلا به ام اس شود(05/0>p). اما بین دو گروه در استرس و سبک مقابلهای هیجانمدار تفاوت معناداری دیده نشد. بنابراین توجه به اثربخشی درمان شناختی بر متغیرهای آشفتگی هیجانی و سبکهای مقابله با استرس در بیماران مبتلا به ام اس از اهمیت ویژهای برخوردار است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • درمان شناختی
  • آشفتگی هیجانی
  • سبک‬های مقابله با استرس
  • مولتیپل اسکلروزیس
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