In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iranian Health Psychology

Document Type : research


1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Alzahra University.

2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Alzahra University.

3 MS Student. Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Alzahra University.


Background: This study aimed to compare quality of working life and memory self-efficacy beliefs in people with different circadian rhythms and physical activity levels. Materials and methods: The study took a causal-comparative method. Subjects consisted of 149 fixed and rotating shift employees, working in health enters and hospitals that were participated based on inclusion criteria. The subjects completed demographic, international physical activity, quality of working life and memory self-efficacy questionnaires. All data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni post hoc test. Result:The results show that the quality of working life and memory self-efficacy are different in fixed and rotating shift employees at three levels of high, medium and low physical activity. Employees with fixed shift and high and medium physical activity level have higher quality of working life and memory self-efficacy than other employees. Moreover, quality of work life of fixed shift employees with medium and low physical activity is better than quality of working life of rotating shift employees with medium and low physical activity, and quality of working life of rotating shift employees with high physical activity levels were significantly better than quality of working life of rotating shift employees with medium and low levels of physical activity (PConclusion: Choosing active lifestyle is recommended to fixed and rotating hospital employees in order to avoid reduction of quality of working life and memory self-efficacy.


Article Title [Persian]

اثربخشی سطوح متفاوت فعالیت بدنی بر کیفیت زندگی کاری و باورهای خودکارآمدی حافظه: با میانجی گری نقش ریتم شبانه روزی

Authors [Persian]

  • معصومه شجاعی 1
  • پروانه شمسی پور دهکردى 2
  • متین موت آبادى 3

1 دانشیار دانشگاه الزهرا

2 استادیار دانشگاه الزهرا

Abstract [Persian]

هدف: تحقیق حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی سطوح متفاوت فعالیت‌بدنی بر کیفیت‌زندگی کاری و باورهای خودکارآمدی حافظه با میانجی‌گری نقش ریتم‌شبانه‌روزی انجام شد. روش کار: روش تحقیق حاضر از نوع علیمقایسه ای بود. 149 کارمند دارای شیفت‌های ثابت و چرخشی مراکز درمانی و بیمارستان‌ها بر اساس معیارهای ورود به مطالعه انتخاب شدند. آزمودنی‌ها پرسش‌نامه‌های دموگرافیک، بین المللی‌فعالیت‌جسمانی، کیفیت‌زندگی‌کاری و خودکارآمدی حافظه را تکمیل کردند. داده ها با استفاده از تحلیل واریانس دو راهه و آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. یافته‌ها: یافته ها نشان داد کیفیت‌زندگی کاری و خودکارآمدی حافظه کارمندان با شیفت‌های ثابت و چرخشی در سه سطح بالا، متوسط و پایین فعالیت‌بدنی متفاوت است. کارمندان شیفت کاری ثابت با سطح فعالیت بدنی بالا و متوسط کیفیت زندگی‌کاری و خودکارآمدی حافظه بالاتری نسبت به دیگر کارمندان دارند. همچنین کیفیت‌زندگی‌کاری کارمندان شیفت کاری ثابت با سطح فعالیت بدنی متوسط و پایین بهتر از کیفیت زندگی کاری کارمندان شیفت کاری چرخشی با سطح فعالیت بدنی متوسط و پایین بود و کیفیت زندگی کاری کارمندان شیفت‌کاری چرخشی با سطح فعالیت بدنی بالا به طور معنادار بهتر از کیفیت‌زندگی کاری کارمندان شیفت کاری چرخشی با سطح فعالیت‌بدنی متوسط و پایین بود (p. نتیجه گیری: انتخاب سبک زندگی فعال به منظور جلوگیری از کاهش سطح کیفیت زندگی کاری و خودکارآمدی حافظه به کارکنان بیمارستان با شیفت‌های ثابت و چرخشی توصیه می‌شود.

Keywords [Persian]

  • کیفیت‌زندگی کاری
  • خودکارآمدی حافظه
  • فعالیت‌بدنی
  • شیفت‌کاری ثابت و چرخشی
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